Infants and Toddlers – Overview


We understand that infants and toddlers are sensorimotor learners, using all their senses, moving their bodies, and manipulating objects to find out about the world around them. We also understand that growth, development, and learning happen in a holistic fashion during the first three years of life; with each experience and every exploration all developmental domains are affected. We expect that infants and toddlers in our care will:

1.  Learn about self and others

  •  Learn to trust one’s self, other people, and the world in they live
  •  Develop a sense of self, aware of being a separate, unique, valued and respected individual
  •  Develop a positive sense of belonging; within one’s family, school family, and wider community
  •  Develop self-regulation skills
  •  Learn respect for one’s self, for others and for their surroundings
  •  Develop trusting relationships with adults and other children outside their family circle
  •  Develop autonomy and independence
  •  Learn to own and express feelings in acceptable ways, to acknowledge and understand the feelings of others
  •  Learn basic social interaction skills in waiting, turn taking, enjoying being with others, respecting others’ bodies and personal space

Blog-Post-Image-Group-Planning-Infants-v1_10-16-132. Learn about communication, language, and literacy

  • Develop ways to communicate their needs and wants, express their feelings, and share their thoughts and ideas non verbally and verbally
  • Begin learning their home language and using that language to communicate, developing fluency and increasing their vocabulary over time
  • Begin learning other languages and using those languages to communicate (especially if languages other than the home language are used often at school)
  • Develop a familiarity with books and the written word
  • Begin to develop a repertoire of creative expression for thoughts and feelings through exposure to and experiences with art, oral language, storytelling, poetry, books and the written word, singing, music, creative movement, dance, pretend play and drama.
Listening & Talking

a)     Pictures in the diaper area

b)     Books for baby

c)      Special talking time

d)     Questions and answers

e)     Pictures on walls and floor

f)      Poems for baby

g)     Picture Peek-a-boo

h)     Singing songs

3.     Learn about moving and doing

  • Develop comfort with their own bodies and confidence in their physical abilities
  • Develop locomotion, strength, coordination, and control of their own bodies
  • Learn a variety of ways to move and take action with their own bodies, purposefully and skillfully (including self-help skills such as feeding, dressing, and toileting)
  • Develop an understanding about how to keep one’s body safe, finding a balance between too much caution and too much risk-taking
  • Engage with and explore the world around them by: using their senses, moving their bodies and moving through space, manipulating objects, and acting upon their surroundings
Physical Development

a)     Bicycle push

b)     Where’s the rattle?

c)      Sticky tape ball

d)     Grasping a toy

e)     Pounding the toy

f)      Cushion climb

4.     Develop thinking skills and learn about the world

  • Actively participate in their physical and social environments
  • Engage in independent exploration of their surroundings, experimenting with the space, objects, and people they encounter
  • Develop object permanence and people permanence
  • Begin to develop an understanding of physical cause and effect
  • Begin to connect actions and consequences
  • Develop problem-solving skills (observation, waiting, choosing, focus, effort, persistence, etc.)
  • Engage in pretend plat (imitation, role play, pretending with props, alternate representation, pretending without props, etc.)
Learning from the world/Creative activities

a)     Crawling in the grass

b)     What’s outside

c)      Natural sensory touch

d)     Face pictures

e)     Tasting treats

f)      Holding toy animals

g)     Water play, sand play, flour, corn meal etc.

h)     Textured fabric/foam/etc.